Joshua Wynne was born in Jordan's Parish, Charles City County, Virginia about 1663. He was the son of Col. Robert Wynne and his wife, Mary Frances Sloman, the widow Poythress. Joshua married Mary Jones about 1687 in Virginia. Mary Jones was the daughter of Major Peter Jones and Margaret "Wood" Powell. Margaret Powell's step-father, General Abraham Wood was the head of Virginia's fur trade under Royal Governor Sir William Berkeley and was the official who negotiated the British fur trade with the Cherokee Nation. General Wood also testified against Nathaniel Bacon, leader of Bacon's Rebellion. General Abraham Wood was also Commander of Ft.Henry and the elader of the first English expedition into the Mississippi Valley. Major Peter Jones was Commander of the fort built near present Petersburg.
Joshua lived a varied life and was said to have been a "fearless adventurer". He inherited property in England from his father consisting of a house and oatmeal mill on Dover Lane in St.George's Parish, Canterbury, commonly called the "Lily Pot", as well as two houses adjoining a ropermaker and one Rawlins were former tenants. Joshua's grandfather, Peter Wynne of Canterbury had left these properties to Joshua's father in 1638. Joshua also received the plantation called Georges in Virginia along with the tobacco houses.
Joshua made several trips to England trading tobacco and probably checking on his properties in England.
We first read of Joshua in Henrico County recoreds 1 Feb 1681/82 when Thomas Chamberlayne appointed Joshua as his attorney.
He was a Justice in Charles City 23 Feb 1698 and he was also sheriff of Prince George County, VA after the area became Prince George County 1705-1712. Joshua was also a member of the House of Burgesses 10 Dec 1700-1704, as was his father before him.
In March 1701/02, Joshua signed the Loyalty Oath.
In 1704, Joshua was listed in the Tax Roll with 860 acres.
He commanded various militia units in the Virginia colonies. He was Captain of the militia for Charles City County with over forty men.
Joshua was a close family friend of the Byrds of Westover and with Colonel William Byrd in particular.
As was his brother, Thomas, Joshua was also an Indian interpreter. In 1704, Joshua was enlisted by the governor to accompany the Nottoway, Meherrin, Nansemond, Pamunkey and Chickahominy Indians north in order to ransom the Nottoway king taken prisoner by the Seneca tribe the summer before. The Indians had specifically requested that the governor allow Joseph and his brother, Thomas, to accompany them "without whose consent and approbation they were to conclude nothing".
He was commissioned in 1707, along with Captain John Poythres Sr., Colonel John Hardyman and Captain Francis Mallory to be part of a commission to investigate the Virginia-North Carolina border. They were to examine under oath "such ancient inhabitants of Prince George, Surry, Isle of Wight and Nansemond Counties and discover the truth as to the said bounds between the said colonies." They were also to ask the "ancient and intelligent Indians of the Nottoway, Meherins and Nansemond nations" what they knew about the area. Among the old inhabitants of Prince George County deposing were: Robert Bolling, Gentleman, aged 61, who "hath known the Nottoway River for 37 years or more... and "Major Wynn's quarter is on the sight of the old Nottoway Indian Town." Captain Wynne became Major Wynne by 1708.
Joshua devoted many years to keeping peace with the Indian tribes and represented them by presenting their grievances to the Council of Virginia.
In late August of 1711, a rumor spread throughout the James that there were fifteen French ships entering the river. The militia officers lit their warning bonfires, donned their uniforms, leaped on their horses and dashed to Westover for news. It turned out that the ships were English and everything was quiet again.
Joshua was responsible for treaties with the Indians from New York to Virginia.
Joshua and (the husband of his niece Mary), Robert Malone were paid of a bounty of £200 to kill wolves.
On 29 Mar 1715, Joseph was shot and killed in Dinwiddie County in revenge by Saponi Indians after one of Joshua's servants killed one of their "great" men. The accused Indian claimed that the white men were the aggressors and that they never rest without revenge and that now they were equal, having each lost a great man. In order to avoid more bloodshed, the accused Indian was pardoned.
The Saponi Indians were of the Siouan linguistic group, related to the nearby Tutelo tribe. They were unrelated to the Iroquoian tribes (Nottoway, Meherrin) and Algonquin speaking Powhatan Confederacy tribes with whom the Wynne's had friendly relations.
The earliest known location of the Saponi tribe was an "extensive village site on the banks of the Rivanna in Albemarle County." The Saponi is identical with the Monasukapanough, which appears on John Smith's map as though it were a town of the Monacan, which it may have been. Before 1670, they moved southwest, settling on Otter Creek, when visited by Thomas Batts. Shortly thereafter, they moved to an island in the Roanoke River in present Mecklenburg County, VA in order to escape the Iroquois. For the same reason, they again moved south in 1701 to the Yadkin River in present Salisbury, NC. Soon afterwards they again moved toward the white settlements in Virginia and crossed the Roanoke River before the Tuscarora War of 1711, establishing themselves about 15 miles west of present Windsor in Bertie, NC. A little later, they, along with the Tutelo and a few other tribes, were near Fort Christanna about 10 miles north of the Roanoke River near present Gholsonville in Brunswick County, VA. The name, Sappony Creek in Dinwiddie County, dating to 1733, indicates that they sometimes extended their excursions north of the Nottoway River.
Joshua's will was probated 30 Mar 1715, shortly after his death by his son, Peter. The estate had debts in the amount of £359 and credits of £283. He was in debt to Richard Bland, Col. Edward Hill, Maj. Charles Goodrich and John Hardyman among others. On 30 Mar 1715, a suit was brought against Peter Wynne as administor of the estate of his father.
Joshua Wynne's Signature
Joshua and Mary had children: Peter who married the daughter of Col. Edward Hill and later the widow, Frances Anderson Herbert; Joshua who married Mary Sloman; Robert who married a Hamlin and secondly Sarah Knibb; William who married Frances Read; Francis; Mary who married John Worsham and Margaret who married Edward Goodrich.
His widow, Mary, married William Randolph. She died in 1718 in Henrico Co., VA.
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